7 Essential Facts About Dividends: Boost Your Financial Knowledge

7 Essential Facts About Dividends: Boost Your Financial Knowledge

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Posted on: 31 August 2023


Dividends have always been a topic of interest for investors and financial enthusiasts. They represent a share of the profit that companies distribute to their shareholders. But what exactly are dividends? Why are they so crucial in the world of finance? Let's embark on a journey to uncover the mysteries of dividends and shed light on their significance.

Finexia's Milestone: The Inaugural Dividend

In the ever-evolving world of dividends, it's always a momentous occasion when a company declares its first dividend. It's a testament to the company's growth, profitability, and commitment to its shareholders. One such noteworthy event in the financial landscape was when Finexia announced its inaugural dividend.

Finexia's Declaration

Finexia, in a landmark move, declared its inaugural fully franked dividend of $0.02 per share. This announcement not only showcased the company's robust financial health but also its dedication to rewarding its loyal shareholders.

What Does "Fully Franked" Mean?

For those unfamiliar with the term, a "fully franked" dividend is one where the company has already paid tax on the dividend income. This means shareholders won't be double-taxed on their dividend income. It's a favourable situation for investors, as it often leads to a higher after-tax return.

Implications for Shareholders

Finexia's decision to pay out its first dividend is a clear signal of confidence. It indicates that the company has reached a stage of profitability and stability. For shareholders, this not only means an additional income stream but also reaffirms their faith in the company's future prospects.

Looking Ahead

With this inaugural dividend declaration, Finexia has set a precedent. Investors and market watchers will undoubtedly be keen to see how the company continues to perform and whether it can even increase its dividend payouts in the coming years.

The Basics of Dividends- What is a Dividend?
 - Types of Dividends
The Historical Context- The Evolution of Dividends
 - Famous Dividend Stocks in History
Dividends and Investment Strategy- Dividend Yield and its Importance
 - Dividend Reinvestment Plans (DRIPs)
The Tax Implications- Tax Rates for Qualified vs. Non-Qualified
 - Strategies to Minimize Dividend Tax
Global Perspective on Dividends- Dividends in Emerging Markets
 - Comparison: US vs. European Dividend Stocks
Risks Associated with Dividend Investing- Dividend Cuts and Suspensions
 - The Impact of Inflation
The Future of Dividends- Technological Impact on Dividend Stocks
 - Sustainable Dividend Investing

The Basics of Dividends

What is a Dividend?

A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually in the form of cash or additional shares. It's a way for companies to distribute a portion of their profits back to their investors. Think of it as a reward for placing your trust and money into a company's hands.

Types of Dividends

There are primarily two types of dividends: cash and stock.

  • Cash Dividends: This is the most common type where companies distribute earnings in the form of money. It's like getting a slice of the pie you invested in.

  • Stock Dividends: Instead of cash, companies issue additional shares to their shareholders. It's a way of reinvesting the company's earnings.

The Historical Context

The Evolution of Dividends

Dividends have been around for centuries. The earliest recorded instance of dividends dates back to the Roman Republic, where they were used as a method to distribute profits from various ventures.

Famous Dividend Stocks in Australia

Companies like Woodside Energy Group Ltd (ASX:WDS), Fortescue Metals Group Ltd (ASX:FMG), BHP Group Ltd (ASX:BHP), South32 Ltd (ASX:S32), ANZ Group Holdings Ltd (ASX:ANZ), Westpac Banking Corp (ASX:WBC), National Australia Bank Ltd (ASX:NAB) and Scentre Group (ASX:SCG) have been known for their consistent dividend payouts. Their long-standing commitment to rewarding shareholders has made them favourites among dividend investors.

Dividends and Investment Strategy

Dividend Yield and its Importance

The dividend yield is a financial metric that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its stock price. It's a crucial indicator for investors looking for income-generating stocks.

Dividend Reinvestment Plans (DRIPs)

DRIPs allow investors to reinvest their cash dividends into additional shares or fractional shares of the underlying stock. It's a fantastic way to compound your investments over time.

Franking Credits Explained:

Franking credits, common in countries like Australia, prevent the double taxation of company profits. When companies pay taxes on their profits and then distribute dividends, they can pass on a tax credit to shareholders, indicating that the dividend has already been taxed at the corporate level. This system ensures shareholders aren't taxed twice on the same income. Benefits of franking credits include tax efficiency, making dividend-paying stocks more appealing, and promoting financial transparency. However, the advantages can vary based on individual tax brackets and regional tax policies.

The Tax Implications

Tax Rates for Qualified vs. Non-Qualified

Dividends can either be qualified or non-qualified, and they're taxed at different rates. Qualified dividends benefit from lower tax rates, while non-qualified ones are taxed at regular income rates.

Strategies to Minimise Dividend Tax

1. Take Advantage of Franking Credits:
In Australia, dividends often come with franking credits, which are tax credits for the tax the company has already paid. Ensure you claim these credits on your tax return to offset the tax payable on your dividend income.

2. Invest in a Self-Managed Superannuation Fund (SMSF):Dividends earned within an SMSF are taxed at the concessional superannuation rate, which is generally lower than personal income tax rates. Additionally, in the pension phase, the SMSF may be tax-free, allowing for a full refund of franking credits.

3. Dividend Reinvestment Plans (DRPs):
Some companies offer DRPs, allowing shareholders to reinvest their dividends in additional shares instead of receiving a cash payment. While this doesn't avoid tax, it defers it, as you won't pay tax on the reinvested dividends until you sell the shares.

4. Hold Investments for at Least 12 Months:
In Australia, if you hold your shares for at least 12 months, you may be eligible for a 50% capital gains tax (CGT) discount on any profit made when selling the shares. This can be beneficial if your dividends are automatically reinvested and increase your shareholding.

5. Spread Investments Between Family Members:
By spreading investments across family members, especially those in lower tax brackets, you can ensure that the dividend income (and associated tax) is distributed in the most tax-efficient manner.

6. Tax-effective Investment Structures:
Consider using investment bonds or insurance bonds. These are taxed internally at a rate of 30%, and after 10 years, the returns (including dividends) can be withdrawn tax-free.

7. Monitor Your Portfolio:
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and tax situation. This might involve rebalancing your investments between high-dividend and low-dividend assets.

Global Perspective on Dividends

Dividends in Emerging Markets

Emerging markets, with their rapid growth, offer a unique perspective on dividends. Companies in these regions might have different dividend policies compared to their developed counterparts.

Comparison: US vs. European Dividend Stocks

While US companies are known for their growth, European companies have a rich history of paying dividends. It's essential to understand these regional nuances when diversifying your portfolio.

Risks Associated with Dividend Investing

Dividend Cuts and Suspensions

Not all is rosy in the world of dividends. Companies can, and do, cut or even suspend their dividends, which can be a significant blow to income-focused investors.

The Impact of Inflation

Inflation can erode the purchasing power of your dividends. It's vital to invest in companies that can grow their dividends at a rate that outpaces inflation.

The Future of Dividends

Technological Impact on Dividend Stocks

As technology evolves, so does its impact on industries. Companies that fail to adapt might see their dividends at risk.

Sustainable Dividend Investing

With the rise of ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) investing, sustainable dividends are gaining traction. Companies with strong ESG practices are seen as more likely to offer sustainable dividends.


The term "dividend" originates from the Latin word "dividendum," which means "thing to be divided." It perfectly encapsulates the essence of dividends: a share of the profit to be divided among shareholders.


What determines a company's dividend payout? The board of directors usually determines a company's dividend payout. It's based on the company's profitability, future investment plans, and overall financial health.

Why do some companies not pay dividends? Some companies prefer to reinvest their profits back into the business rather than distribute them as dividends. This is especially common in growth-oriented companies.

Are dividends guaranteed? No, dividends are not guaranteed. They can be reduced, suspended, or even eliminated based on a company's financial situation.

How often are dividends paid? Most companies in the US pay dividends quarterly. However, the frequency can vary based on the company and region.

Can dividends be a source of passive income? Yes, dividends can be a source of passive income, especially if invested in stable, high-dividend-paying companies.

Is dividend investing suitable for everyone? While dividend investing can be lucrative, it's essential to understand the risks involved. It might not be suitable for everyone, especially those with a low risk tolerance.


Dividends have stood the test of time as a reliable source of income for investors. Whether you're a seasoned investor or just starting, understanding dividends is crucial. They offer a glimpse into a company's financial health, its commitment to shareholders, and its future prospects. So, the next time you come across the term "dividend," you'll know it

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